The stone masonry industry regularly use many types of natural and artificial stone. Deciding on the best stone for the right application is important.
Here are some different types of natural stone, present in the three, main geographical rock types:
Igneous Igneous rock is formed by the cooling of magma or lava and may or may not involve crystallization characteristics. Natural, igneous stone types include Granite which will be one of the hardest stone around and requires special stonemason techniques to work with. kent ragstone fixers It is generally employed by masons for its strength and durability in countertops, kerbstones and flooring.
Other igneous rock types include the softer Pumice and Scoria to the more harder Obsidian and Basalt stone which are found in stone masonry for groundwork and building blocks.
Metamorphic Metamorphic rock is rock which includes undergone transformation from a preexisting rock type, involving extreme pressures and temperatures over long amounts of time, resulting in profound chemical and physical’metamorphism ‘.
Marble is a typical and popular metamorphic rock which includes, by tradition, been carved into statues, and for facing Renaissance stonework. There are many types of marble differentiated by their colour, petographic type and other factors. Some typically common types include the white or blue-grey Carrara marble quarried in Carrara, Italy. Marble is employed by stonemasons mainly for it’s decorative characteristics in flooring, tiling and in fireplaces.
Another popular metamorphic rock is Slate. Its hardness and granularity provides a sharpness which will be popular for memorials and inscriptions. Its layered form enables masons to split it into thin plates and put it to use as a roofing material.
Sedimentary Sedimentary rock is formed in water from the sedimentation of other rock, calcium deposits and organic particles. Again, an extended process and application of heat and pressure to create strata layers in to a structure called bedding. In this bedding you may also find fossil fuels and ores.
Common Sedimentary rock are limestone. Frequently employed samples of limestone include Yorkstone, Sydney and Bath and Portland stone which most of the City of Bath is created from. Kentish Ragstone is another famous limestone from Kent employed by Kent stonemasons of the past. Westminster Abbey, the Tower of London and Kent’s Castles such as Leeds Castle are famous stoneworks produced from Kent Ragstone by Kent masons.
Travertine can be a favorite limestone which will be employed for its soft aesthetic looks. It is generally used as a cladding, in flooring, walls and in bathrooms