Lithium Batteries are area of the disposable battery family which contains lithium ions. They’re mainly used in those items which need continuous and reliable way to obtain power. Lithium is supposed to be the lightest metal and they possess the maximum potential for electrochemical activities. Recently it is now extremely popular on the planet of consumer electronics. Their light weight and high energy capacity have increased their usage in the portable electronic devices.
Lithium batteries do not use almost any poisonous metals like cadmium or lead, thereby which makes it safe for use. They’re the most used commonly found in electronic items including the cellular phones, laptops, iPods, and so on. Their popularity owes to the lots of advantages supplied by these ones. They can be found in two various sorts, the principal and the secondary xs titan. The primary batteries are those who need to be disposed after its life has been completely depleted. The secondary lithium ones are those which have the ability to recharge a variety of times until its final depletion. Them all, lithium ones are the most energetic. They are made of lithium and carbon electrodes. Lithium may be the lightest metal making the batteries also light in weight.
The primary type of lithium ones which are non-rechargeable are mainly used in electronic items that will require less power just like the camera, CD players, toys, watches, and so on. The rechargeable type lithium ones are used in many areas including military, medical, and consumer electronics. Recently they have recognition in the automobile industry as well for their high energy-storage capacity.
Being a very reactive element, lithium has the ability of energy storage in the atomic bonds. This property of Lithium enables the lithium batteries to provide for high energy density. Typically, lithium battery could store 150 watt-hour of power in a battery of 1 kg. This really is quite high when compared to the ordinary one just like the lead battery that may store only up to 25 watt. Even the nickel-metal hydride ones do not match to the capacity of the lithium ones as they can store only up to 70 watt-hour of power. This clearly suggests that lithium ones have double the vitality capacity of the older ones.
Even the maintenance of the lithium one is not so high. Another advantageous asset of lithium ones is that they cannot have memory effect. Unlike the nickel-cadmium batteries where successful recharge is possible only on complete discharge of them, Lithium ones can be recharged even without complete discharge. Deterioration in the capacity is noticed when lithium ones have been in use or not. Capacity deterioration is a common element in every one of them. Every chemical element used may have age-related deterioration. But as compared to the nickel-cadmium ones, their battery life can endure five years. The disposal of lithium ones are easy and their pollution level is much low.